Anabolic steroids: what are they?

Pharmaceuticals that are synthetic versions of testosterone are known as anabolic steroids. These substances are known by their technical name, “anabolic-androgenic steroids” (AAS). “Androgenic” refers to a class of sex hormones known as androgens, whereas “anabolic” refers to the process of constructing tissue, mostly muscle.

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The primary androgen is testosterone. It encourages the growth of masculine traits. Men and those assigned male at birth (AMAB) have naturally greater levels of testosterone than do women and those designated female at birth (AFAB).

The primary reason why doctors recommend anabolic steroids is to treat male hypogonadism, or low testosterone. However, it’s also used for other ailments; for example, it helps patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and some types of cancer build their muscles (AIDS).

In an effort to increase performance and/or improve their physical appearance, some bodybuilders, athletes, and other people abuse these substances. The most popular performance- and appearance-enhancing drugs (APEDs) are anabolic steroids. Misuse of anabolic steroids is widespread. In the US, between 3 and 4 million people take anabolic steroids for non-medical reasons.

What distinguishes anabolic steroids from steroids?

Corticosteroids, another name for general steroids, are drugs that lower immune system activity and inflammation. These are synthetic medications that closely mimic the hormone cortisol, which is produced naturally by your adrenal glands.

Manufactured medications that closely mimic the hormone testosterone or other androgens are known as anabolic steroids.

Corticosteroids are prescribed by medical professionals far more frequently than anabolic steroids.

What conditions do anabolic steroids treat?

Certain anabolic steroids have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the United States for use in treating the following conditions:

primary hypogonadism in men.

Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism: a kind of hypogonadism resulting from a pituitary or hypothalamic malfunction.

delayed puberty in infants born with a masculine gender assignment.

Deficiency in gonadotropin and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone.

specific forms of breast cancer in AFAB women and individuals.



Anabolic steroids are occasionally prescribed by medical professionals for certain ailments. This is seen as using the drug outside of its prescribed uses, or off-label. It’s safe and legal in most cases. Among the off-label usage are:

activation of the bone marrow in leukemia patients.


renal failure.

lack of growth.

Induction of Hunger.

stimulation of muscle mass in patients suffering with AIDS or certain malignancies.

How Do Steroid Anabolics Function?

By stimulating androgen receptors in the body and simulating the actions of natural androgens, anabolic steroids, also known as artificial androgens, function.

Different illnesses can be treated with prescription anabolic steroids in different ways. As an illustration:

Prescription anabolic steroids raise testosterone levels in individuals with naturally low levels to a healthy range.

By reducing estrogen levels, anabolic steroids aid in the treatment of estrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancer. Because of receptors, the cells causing this kind of breast cancer may use estrogen to proliferate. By reducing estrogen levels, anabolic steroids can stop the proliferation of cancer cells.

Anabolic steroids increase the number of androgen receptors in skeletal muscle, which can result in an increase in muscular growth and strength in those with AIDS- or cancer-related muscle atrophy.

Misuse of anabolic steroids

The primary motivation for the abuse of anabolic steroids is their ability to enhance lean muscle mass when combined with weight exercise.

Bodybuilders, or non-athlete weightlifters, usually abuse them in an attempt to enhance their looks. Misuse of anabolic steroids is frequently linked to muscular dysmorphia, a kind of body dysmorphic disorder.

Gaining muscle mass may help athletes get stronger, which will enhance their performance in strength-based sports.

Is it possible to utilize anabolic steroids safely?

Yes, anabolic steroids are normally safe to use if you take them on prescription under your doctor’s supervision for a medical condition.

Your health may suffer if anabolic steroids are misused.

When ought I to give my doctor a call?

When using anabolic steroids, you should schedule routine check-ups with your physician to see how effectively the medication is working for you.

Otherwise, discuss the following circumstances with your healthcare provider:

if any uncomfortable side effects appear.

if your symptoms have become worse or if they aren’t getting better.

If you’re considering giving up the drug.


Strong drugs that alter your body composition and hormone levels are anabolic steroids. It’s essential to take the prescription as prescribed by your healthcare professional due to potential health hazards. Don’t sell, share, or take more than the daily amount advised. If you believe that you are anabolic steroid addicted, speak with your doctor right away.